Hardness is reported according to the Janka Hardness Scale, which measures the amount of pressure required to mar a wood sample. As you can see in the accompanying graph, rock maple is the hardest of these four hardwoods - about 15% harder than red oak, which ranks second. Black walnut ranks third in hardness - about 20% below red oak.
Wood Hardness Chart Species Alphabetical Hardness Species by Hardness Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820
Below the U.S. Forest Service list the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring. These ratings were calculated using the Janka Hardness Test, which measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.
A wood's relative hardness is determined with the Janka Rating System, which measures the force required to drive a .444 inch steel ball into the wood until half the diameter of the ball is imbedded in the wood. The Janka Hardness Scale rating has become the industry standard for determining whether a given wood is suitable for flooring material.
In general, carbonized bamboo will have a hardness rating somewhere from 1000-1100, whereas bamboo in its natural state will have a hardness of 1300-1400. This will be affected to some extent by the process used to make the material, and the amount of carbonization applied to it. Darker bamboo is almost always softer.
Durability is dependent on age; ranges from slightly softer than oak to similar hardness as oak Walnut Rich deep color with delicate grain and lots of character
Just talking species hardness though, Brazilian Walnut is at the top with a rating of 3680, almost three times the hardness of Red Oak. At the lower end of the wood hardness scale, you'll find very soft species like Yellow Pine 690 and Douglas Fir 660 .
Below are the most common woods used in flooring ranked by hardness: Information on the most common wood species Last time I counted, there were 119 species of wood listed on Wikipedia.
Here you can find a table to learn about wood types and compare their hardness. 416-645-1775. Menu Flooring. Engineered Flooring. Vinyl Flooring. Laminate Flooring. Odd-Lots and Remnants. About Us. Dealers Opportunity: Existing Flooring Retailers. Start Flooring Retail Bussines.
In many ways, the comparison between bamboo and floors is a close run thing, but bamboo wins on hardness, eco-friendliness, and price, while has a slight edge on ease of installation.
Choosing a Flooring Wood Species Janka Wood Hardness Chart Prefinished or Unfinished Flooring All About Wear Layers - Engineered Flooring Flooring Installation Methods
Hardness Chart Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring. These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test.
For example, the hardness of woods varies widely, so certain species are not recommended for flooring because they are not hard enough to withstand heavy wear and tear. The following offers a brief comparison of American hardwoods, softwoods and tropical hardwoods and their appropriate applications:
The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood, see our grade-specific Janka scale for a graphical comparison of the ratings of various types of flooring. Wood Flooring Species Hardness Seven Trust / Brazilian Walnut / Lapacho:
While some tropical hardwoods can be used for interior applications, including flooring, the color, grain pattern, hardness and luster of many imported woods differ from those of American hardwoods. For more information on non-native species, refer to the Dont be fooled article.
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